Bonsai Types – Juniper Bonsai
The different Bonsai types are named according to the type of tree they are planted inside. There is a general pattern in the naming of the Bonsai types based on the size and shape of the trees. Shops that specialize in Bonsai Trees have a lot of knowledge regarding the different types and their growth patterns. In the Japanese culture, it is believed that the proper way to grow Bonsai trees is by pruning the branches to remove the branches which are not fitting in with the general design of the tree. This is referred to as “shaving”.
Shifu-Komis are a small houseplant variety that can be kept indoors for a short period of time in smaller containers. Shifu-Komis are very versatile and some of them grow up to three or four feet in height. There are a few common bonsai styles used to create Bonsai with this specific species:
This style of Bonsai is grown mainly indoors. These trees are known as miniaturized versions of the full-sized varieties. Full sized trees require a larger space for growing and trimming. Miniaturizing a tree will help it fill in a smaller space when growing inside of a small room. It is easy to trim a Shifu-Komis tree into a bush and if pruned properly will grow into a large specimen tree. It is a good idea to start growing miniaturized bonsai plants from seeds.
One of the most popular bonsai types, the Chinese elm, is also known by its traditional name, “Ficus”. The word “elm” comes from a Chinese elm, which was originally a palm tree. Ficus trees are very hardy and grow well in most areas. They are a bit more expensive than some of the other bonsai types. If pruned and maintained properly, these trees can live for a very long time.
The Japanese maple tree is one of the hardiest trees to grow and is great for the beginner bonsai artist. The maple trees can be found in almost any part of North America. They will do best in partial shade, but should not be kept outdoors for extended periods. The maple foliage when exposed to light tends to change colors, so you may want to paint or varnish the leaves. Growing these trees is not difficult, and once you have decided on a location for them, they can be easily tended to. Watering is not too difficult, and they should stay green throughout the year.
The type of soil that your bonsai trees need depends on what part of the world they are from. Different kinds of soil can be used in different parts of the world. Your local bonsai nursery can advise you on the type of soil that is best for your specific plant. Some of the more common oils used around the world include perlite, rock salts, bark dust, volcanic ash, clay, sand, organic matter and sugar.
Most bonsai soil needs to be watered, but it does not have to be repeatedly. You may need to water your trees every few days during the growing season, and then only a couple times during the rest of the year. You can water your trees just once or twice a month, or as often as you like. There are varieties of bonsai soil that you can buy, or you may try making your own. You can mix equal parts peat moss, perlite, rock salt, fresh bark or pine needles with water, and allow to sit for a day.
Do not fertilize your bonsai soil. Fertilizer tends to harm the root system of the species you are trying to grow. Instead, use an organic, slow-release fertilizer. Make sure that the fertilizer that you use for your juniper bonsai species is readily available and applied to the soil before you begin planting.